How to Manage Technical Debt

Technology debt is possibly the biggest nightmare of a software team. Basically, it is a programming concept which denotes additional development work on hand when the coding gets too tough to be amended.

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Simply stated, as you commence with one change in the complex code, other related changes arise simultaneously in the documentation. The others changes are regarded as debt which needs to be paid at some or the other point in the future. Though it may sound bad, but tech debt isn’t a bad thing. A tech debt occurs at several points in the development procedure in the form of an under-estimated task size, scope creep form, un-noted dependencies like team members taking leave or falling sick.

How to counter technical debt

The industry still cannot figure out a mantra to manage quick development without managing serious setbacks because of technology debt. But, it doesn’t mean that there is no way out.

  • Find out what is tech debt

Project managers and developers may hold different perspective on technical debt. It is possible that the technical team may characterize dependencies as tech debt while the project manager may prioritize designing new specs as major tech debt issue. It is possible that one party is jaded by the other’s decision. The difference in opinion causes extra development work.

Team members should understand that every extra effort made in completing a task is tech debt. For example, the extra hours in changing a code to launch a functionality. It such debt remains unattended, it will accumulate and make the system more complex. The unpaid tech debt adds to the software entropy making it costlier with time.

  • Evaluate and track technology debt

Make use of instruments like codeclimate.com to stay updated on the code in the right manner. If you have joined hands with the third party, you can make use of code governance instruments to execute static code evaluation and find out how the code is wrong in real time. Once acknowledged, you can essay the debt occurrences in the right way. Maintain a shame file. It is good way to track tech debt.

  • Design sustainably

Design your product with long term improvisation in mind. Object for sustainable advancement, which is about efficacy and managing short and long term needs. Ensure that software you have made has the best possible value for its clients and requires lower cost of change. The aim is to design smallest solution in the shortest span of time with highest customer value.

  • Refactor extensively

With refactoring, one means to change the way a code has been written, without hampering its functioning or editing the code framework. It means you have to keep the behavior intact. You can refactor the code once you know these parameters:

  • If you’re including a hard to execute function
  • If you’re amending the code for the second time, you’ll definitely change it the 3rd, 4th and 5th time too.

Refactoring could be tedious job so make sure you write the tests before. Clickhere to know more about the refactoring process.

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